Ultra-Clean Isotope Engineered Double-Walled Carbon Nanotubes as Tailored Hosts to Trace the Growth of Carbyne

Weili Cui, Ferenc Simon, Yifan Zhang, Lei Shi, Paola Ayala, Thomas Pichler

A unique scope of mechanical, optical, and electrical properties makes the 1-D allotrope of carbon, carbyne, one of the most promising materials for applications in various fields. Despite the important progress in the synthesis of carbyne confined to double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWCNTs), its formation and growth mechanisms remain elusive. Here, it is shown how a rational design of isotope-engineered ultra-clean DWCNTs with

13C-enriched inner walls—which act as precursors and as tailored hosts—can trace the growth mechanism of confined carbyne upon high-vacuum annealing at high temperatures. It is unambiguously proven that an exchange of C atoms between the inner and outer tubes takes place, and it is distinguished from the growth of confined carbyne. The latter only happens after the ultra-clean DWCNT hosts react by partial oxidation yielding encapsulated carbonaceous products, which are well-defined precursors for the carbyne synthesis with a record of ≈28.8%

13C enrichment. Tracing the synthesis of carbyne and disentangling it from concomitant high-temperature processes like healing, reorganization and regrowth of DWCNTs are a crucial step towards accessing the full application potential of confined carbyne hybrids by tailoring the isotopic fillers, as well as the inner and outer tubes of the DWCNT hosts.

Electronic Properties of Materials
External organisation(s)
Budapest University of Technology and Economics, National Sun Yat-sen University, Huzhou University
Advanced Functional Materials
No. of pages
Publication date
Peer reviewed
Austrian Fields of Science 2012
103018 Materials physics
ASJC Scopus subject areas
Condensed Matter Physics, Chemistry(all), Materials Science(all)
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